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The Project Management Cycle represents a continuous process in which each phase provides the foundation for the next phase. For example, during implementation the monitoring phase provides inputs to adapt the original implementation plans. The cyclic nature among the design, implement and monitor phases is repeated throughout the life of the project.
The programmatic structure refers to a traditional structure in which program or functional sector managers have formal authority over most resources. It is only suitable for projects within one program sector. However, it is not suitable for projects that require a diverse mix of people with different expertise from various program sectors.