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Matrix based project structure organizations allow program units to focus on their specific technical competencies and allow projects to be staffed with specialists from throughout the organization. The main advantage of the matrix based organization is the efficient allocation of all resources, especially scarce specialty skills that cannot be fully utilized by only one project.
The programmatic structure refers to a traditional structure in which program or functional sector managers have formal authority over most resources. It is only suitable for projects within one program sector. However, it is not suitable for projects that require a diverse mix of people with different expertise from various program sectors.